The lowest layer is a plastic, paper or melamine backing layer, known as a balancing layer, and prevents the moisture from the floor by ensuring a balanced fit of the parquet.
Made of medium density fiberboard (MDF) or high density fiberboard (HDF), this core layer is the water-resistant main carrier layer. Both MDF and HDF are obtained by compressing wood fiber with glue and resin.
The decorative layer is the layer that gives the parquet the appearance of a real tree pattern. This layer is essentially a photograph, made by compressing several layers of paper with melamine resin. True colors and pearlescent paint provide a deep décor and a real image. This decor sheet begins with a large wood texture photo and is segmented into laminate board sizes. Because the same photo is used for many boards and it is possible to re-create patterns according to the condition of the boards.
The top protective layer is the layer that resists abrasion. This layer is a coating layer made of transparent aluminum oxide. This coating layer can be of low or high gloss depending on consumer trends. This layer prevents moisture from penetrating the wood.
All these layers are put on top of each other and fused to form a whole with high heat and intense pressure. Some boards have a thicker core layer than others and show good strength in every application. In other words, the thicker the core of the wood, the more durable. The core layer is measured in millimeters and its quality depends on the grade of the product and the class specified by the manufacturer.